The Ghost Map
London's Water System
There were few public services in the district. Drinking water was drawn from the Thames River and distributed by a system of pipes running beneath the streets. At scattered locations, water lines were tapped with hand pumps that all citizens shared. Running next to the water lines were other pipes for sewage. Many of these pipes were cracked or broken and waste flowed out on to the streets.
What waste water that made it through the sewer lines poured directly into the Thames River, in some cases up stream from the drinking water intake pipes. On every street, human and animal waste ran freely along the curbs.
- Tharp, B., Vogt, G., Vu, M., Burnett, C., Denk, J., and Moreno, N. (2015) Think Like a Microbiologist. Baylor College of Medicine: Houston.
- Gros, Jean-Paptiste-Louis. London 1851. Bridge and boats on the River Thames. Public domain.
- Strudwick, William. Lower Fore Street. (1860). Public domain.
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Students investigate infectious diseases and the immune system, and serve as epidemiologists as they trace the route of the Cholera epidemic in London. (13 activities)
Students investigate microorganisms and the world of epidemiology. (10 activities)