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Molecular Basis of Heredity: Part 1. Nucleic Acids

Author(s): Raye L. Alford, PhD

The Atomic Components of DNA and RNA

The acronym DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid. The acronym RNA stands for ribonucleic acid. DNA and RNA are large biological molecules (also known as macromolecules) that encode the genetic information of all known living things. They encode, in biochemical terms, the language of life.

The elements found in DNA and RNA include carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and phosphorus.